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Amphibian Species Responds to Offspring’s Demands for Milk
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #120 | Date: 05 2024

In a species of worm-like amphibians found in Brazil, females secrete a nourishing, viscous lipid-rich substance in response to auditory cues from their hatchlings.   Read more >


Gut Microbes Boost Dairy Tolerance in Adults Lacking Lactase
By: Brittany T. Truong, Ph.D.
Issue #120 | Date: 05 2024

Daily consumption of lactose in individuals with lactase non-persistence can alter the gut microbiome, leading to a decrease in gas production.   Read more >


Complement Proteins in Milk Promote Healthy Gut Microbiome
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #120 | Date: 05 2024

By selectively killing commensal bacteria in infant guts, maternal complement proteins in mammalian milk help shape the gut microbiome and prevent infection.   Read more >


No Downsides to Donor Milk for Extremely Premature Infants
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #120 | Date: 05 2024

In a large clinical trial, extremely premature infants who were fed donor human milk and pre-term formula fared similarly on neurodevelopmental tests.   Read more >


Mammary Gland Organoids Reveal Species-specific Traits
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #119 | Date: 03 2024

Mammary gland organoids could help understand cancer susceptibility and factors that influence milk composition.   Read more >


Dairy at Breakfast Provides a Cognitive Boost
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #119 | Date: 03 2024

Adding dairy protein to your breakfast plate could help control your blood sugar and improve satiety and concentration.   Read more >


Lipid Droplets in Infant Formula Improve Child Neurodevelopment
By: Brittany T. Truong, Ph.D.
Issue #119 | Date: 03 2024

Researchers developed infant formula that more closely mimics human milk by changing the structure of lipid droplets in it.   Read more >


Gene Variant May Give Milk Drinkers Lower Diabetes Risk
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #119 | Date: 03 2024

Drinking more milk may decrease the type 2 diabetes risk in populations with gene variants that prevent lactase production.   Read more >


Molecular Mechanisms of Milk Production Reveal an Evolutionary Back-up Plan
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #118 | Date: 01 2024

A new study in mice sheds light on the molecular mechanisms within the mammary gland that ensure successful lactation.   Read more >


Maternal Brain Circuit Activated by Pups’ Cries Boosts Oxytocin
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #118 | Date: 01 2024

The sound of crying infants switches on a novel neural circuit in maternal mice, which then increases levels of a hormone linked with maternal care behaviors and milk production.   Read more >


Human Milk Sugars Help Reduce Infections That Cause Preterm Births
By: Sandeep Ravindran, Ph.D.
Issue #118 | Date: 01 2024

Sugars found in human milk, called human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs), could help reduce preterm births by inhibiting Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infection and reducing inflammation.   Read more >


Drinking Milk Is Linked to Lower Fracture Risk in Women
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #118 | Date: 01 2024

Middle-aged and older women who eat and drink dairy products, especially milk, are less likely to experience fractures of the wrist, hip, and vertebrae.   Read more >


Whey Protein Powder Lessens Alzheimer’s Disease Symptoms in Mice
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #117 | Date: 11 2023

Consuming whey protein powder has been found to improve learning and memory in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease.   Read more >


Human Milk Antibodies Against Covid: Potent and Persistent
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #117 | Date: 11 2023

The COVID-19 pandemic presented a unique opportunity to understand how a novel virus would influence the transfer of antibodies from mother to infant in human milk.   Read more >


Preserving Milk Proteins while Inactivating Pathogens
By: Sandeep Ravindran, Ph.D.
Issue #117 | Date: 11 2023

High-pressure processing of human milk can inactivate pathogens while also preserving human milk proteins important for preterm infant health.   Read more >


Immune Cells Produce a Distinct Subset of Antibodies in Human Milk
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #117 | Date: 11 2023

Polymeric antibodies secreted into human milk are unique to individuals and distinct from antibodies in serum.   Read more >


Myo-inositol in Human Milk Spurs Brain Development
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #116 | Date: 08 2023

A molecule called myo-inositol present in human milk helps neurons form connections–a key feature of brain development.   Read more >


Immune Cells Linked to Lactation Discovered in Mouse and Human Milk
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #116 | Date: 08 2023

A distinct group of immune cells arises in mouse mammary glands during lactation and is passed to offspring via milk.   Read more >


A Gut Reaction: Lactose Consumption in Lactase-Lacking Adults
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #116 | Date: 08 2023

Dairy digestion by lactose-intolerant individuals can often cause pain and discomfort. New research suggests that continued lactose consumption could potentially resolve these symptoms by increasing the population of gut bacteria that utilize lactose.   Read more >


Milk Oligosaccharides: Every Mammal Has a Different Sugar Mama
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #116 | Date: 08 2023

The creation of a milk oligosaccharide database helps researchers better understand how these bioactive carbohydrates evolved to meet the needs of both mother and infant across diverse groups of mammals.   Read more >


Intergenerational Effects of Low Milk Energy in Monkeys
By: Lauren Milligan Newmark, Ph.D.
Issue #115 | Date: 07 2023

First time rhesus macaque mothers make lower energy milk for their daughters. New research found the impact of this reduced investment extended beyond infancy, even influencing daughters’ milk production as adults.   Read more >


Mother’s Milk Jump-starts Heart Cells in Mice
By: Alla Katsnelson, Ph.D
Issue #115 | Date: 07 2023

Researchers have identified a fatty acid in the maternal milk of mice that activates a protein called RXR, which plays a crucial role in neonatal heart cells.   Read more >


Extracellular Vesicles (mEVs) from Milk May Support Gut Health
By: Alice Callahan, PhD
Issue #115 | Date: 07 2023

In experiments in intestinal cells and mice, extracellular vesicles isolated from milk reduced inflammation and showed signs of healing “leaky gut.”   Read more >


Mouse Maternal Diet Influences Offspring’s Risk of Severe Respiratory Infection
By: Jyoti Madhusoodanan, Ph.D.
Issue #115 | Date: 07 2023

A high-fiber maternal diet in mice is associated with milk microbes that increase infants’ immunity to severe respiratory infections.   Read more >


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