Keep up to date on the latest discoveries and news in milk science with our bi-monthly publication SPLASH!®
Current Issue #111
Issue Date: November 2022
Concentrations of a critical antioxidant called glutathione decrease in the brain as humans age, making the brain vulnerable to oxidative stress.An intervention study on adults over 60 years of age found that after just three months, consuming three cups of 1% milk a day increased brain glutathione levels to those associated with younger adults.
Human milk oligosaccharides (HMOs) promote the growth of beneficial gut bacteria and modulate immune responses; in germ-free mice, HMOs boosted immune responses both in intestinal cells and the body.
Although milk and milk products are typically rich in nutrients, cheese is unique in its vitamin K2 content, since the bacteria used in fermentation can produce variants of this nutrient that may be more efficiently absorbed and used by human tissues. Daily consumption of Jarlsberg cheese improved several circulatory protein markers of bone health.
Human Milk and Nutrition Battle Long-term Effects of a Dangerous Intestinal Disease in Preterm Infants
A randomized control study found that human milk protects preterm infants from infection and necrotizing enterocolitis, which can cause lower IQ outcomes. Adequate nutrition was also important, as infants fed a low-nutrient formula had lower verbal IQ scores.